クイズ答え PART2

1. She is _______ right now.
a. watch TV
b. watched TV
c. watches TV
d. watching TV

 

The answer is D.
When talking about something happening right now, we use present continuous form. Present continuous form uses a form of “to be” (is) and an “-ing verb” (watching).

答えはDです。
現在起きていることについて話す時には、現在進行形を使います。現在進行形には“Be”(ここではis)と動詞のing形(ここではwatching)を使います。

 

 

2. I looked it up ____ the internet.
A. on
B. in
C. at
D. by

 

The answer is A.
The word “on” is always connected to “the internet,” “a website,” “TV,” or “the radio.” The word “in” is always connected to books, newspapers, or magazines.

答えはAです
“the internet”、“a website”、“TV”、“the radio”という言葉には常に“on”を伴います。“in”は本や新聞、雑誌という言葉を伴います。

 

 

3. The economy boomed ______ the new policy changes.
A. following
B. by
C. since
D. when

 

The answer is A.
In this case, Following is a preposition that means. “as a result of.” To understand this better, we can change the sentence to: “The economy boomed as a result of the new policy changes.”

答えはAです。
このクイズの“following”には、“as a result of (=〜の結果として)”の意味の前置詞としての意味があります。この文を“The economy boomed as a result of the new policy changes.(=新しいポリシーの変化の結果として、経済が急成長した)”と変化させると、より理解しやすいでしょう。

 

いかがでしたか?

もう一個クイズに挑戦してみましょう!

 

1. A doctor for your teeth is a _____.
A. nurse
B. dentist
C. cardiologist
D. teeth doctor

 

2. We have been married ______ 20 years.
A. until
B. since
C. for
D. during

 

3. _______ John was a nice person, he was a bad employee.
A. Besides
B. Although
C. Because
D. Among

 

 

それでは答えをみてみましょう!

 

1. A doctor for your teeth is a _____.
A. nurse
B. dentist
C. cardiologist
D. teeth doctor

 

The answer is B.
A cardiologist is a doctor for your heart. Nurses and surgeons have different medical jobs.

答えはBです。
Aの“cardiologist”は心臓外科医です。“nurses”と“surgeons”も医学的な職種を表す言葉ですが、本文に合いません。

 

 

2. We have been married ______ 20 years.
A. until
B. since
C. for
D. during


The answer is C.
We use for with a period of time to talk about how long something has lasted. For example: “We watched a movie for 2 hours,” “I lived in Detroit for 10 years,” or “I worked on that project for a week.”

答えはCです。
“for”はどれくらいの期間物事が続いたかを示す言葉です。例えば、“We watched a movie for 2 hours.(=私たちは映画を2時間見た)”
“I lived in Detroit for 10 years.(=私たちはデトロイトに10年間住んでいた)”
“I worked on that project for a week.(=私はそのプロジェクトに1週間ついていた)”となります。

 

 

3. _______ John was a nice person, he was a bad employee.
A. Besides
B. Although
C. Because
D. Among


The answer is B.
Although is used to compare unexpected results, based on the situation. For example: ““Although it rained, everyone had fun,” “Although he is rich, he is not happy,” and “Although she’s kind, I don’t get along with her.”

答えは、Bです。
“Although”はその状況での、予想外の結果を比較する際に使われます。
例えば、“Although it rained, everyone had fun(=雨が降ったがみんな楽しんだ)”
Although he is rich, he is not happy.(=彼は裕福だが、幸せではない)”
Although she’s kind, I don’t get along with her.(=彼女は優しいのだけれど、私はうまくいかなかった)”となります。